What is a labor union?
In the first place, the power balance between users and workers is overwhelmingly advantageous for users!
The user has various rights such as management rights, personnel discretionary rights, and wage determination rights. If even one employer behaves violently with regard to this authority, the situation will soon occur that the worker will come.
For example, in a personal interview surrounded by a few representatives of the company, “Because of poor management, I will lower my salary next month.” “Because you are not competent, move here.” From next month, I will cut off overtime for this working time. “When I was told, would you be able to argue against the employer alone and maintain the working conditions?
From our experience, we feel that many workers are crying because they are anxious about their lives and want to keep an eye out. Do you have any experience?
It is the labor union that eliminates the power balance between labor and management!
The labor union is a solidarity organization created by workers, not a company or country. A trade union is an organization that aims to achieve common goals such as maintaining contract negotiations, raising wages, stabilizing employment, and improving the work environment by uniting together colleagues working in the same workplace. The most common purpose is to “maintain and improve union membership”. The rights of labor union activities are protected by the Constitution of Japan and the Labor Union Law.
The three rights of workers defined in Article 28 above, the right to organize, the right to collective bargaining, and the right to collective action, are called “Labor Three Rights (Labor Basic Rights)”. The Labor Union Law has been enacted with the aim of enabling workers to exercise these three rights of labor properly.
Labor Union Law
The labor union law also has provisions to prevent various attacks and harassment (unfair labor practices) from employers.
If an employer performs an act corresponding to the above, the labor union is entitled to make a “relief complaint” to an administrative organization called the “Labor Commission” established in each prefecture.
There is also a legal provision that acts of legitimate trade union activities are not subject to criminal penalties. (Criminal exemption)
How will trade unions achieve their goals?
The labor union will achieve the union’s goals by making full use of the “labor trilateral” explained in the previous section.
Through “Collaborative Negotiations” introduced in the previous section, it is fundamental to aim to improve their working environment and secure employment based on various issues with employers. If agreement is reached through collective bargaining, the union and the company conclude a collective agreement.
However, since there is a partner for collective bargaining, it may become stale. In order to break down the stalemate, trade unions sometimes seek to solve the problem using appeals (group action rights), strike rights (alliance industry), etc. in front of the company. However, this is only after negotiating.
Even if it strikes and damages the company, the user cannot claim damages from the union for damages caused by legitimate union activities.
Unions have all the right to conclude and negotiate in negotiations with the company to facilitate negotiations and avoid being deficient in “knowledge deficiencies”. However, the Union will not ignore your opinion and agree with the company. Union has been working on solutions that respect the intentions of its members since its formation.